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[40][45] While trying to evade an attack at 14:00, Hiei lost her emergency rudder and began to show a list to stern and starboard. [1] Nevertheless, the Kongō class possessed significant quantities of armour, and were heavily upgraded during their modernizations. [48] She once again served escort duty during the disastrous Battle of Midway, before transferring to Truk Lagoon in preparation for operations against American landings on Guadalcanal. Vidéo de Présentation/Gameplay du IJN Kongō, Cuirassé Japonnais de Tier 5 Vidéo réalisé sur la Closed Beta du jeu. On 5 October the sisters departed Shinagawa for Kobe to pick up the 69 survivors of the wrecked Ottoman frigate Ertuğrul and continued on to Constantinople, Turkey, to return them to their homeland. [3], Hiei was laid down at Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on 4 November 1911, launched 21 November 1912, and commissioned at Sasebo 4 August 1914, attached to the Third Battleship Division of the First Fleet. During the late 1920s, all but Hiei were reconstructed and reclassified as battleships. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 , Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. Returning to the main fleet, the battlecruiser operated off China for periods of time in 1925–1926, until she returned to reserve from 1927 to 1931 in preparation for a major reconstruction. [3], On 1 June 1935, Kongō's second reconstruction began. Although the ship played no part in the affair, she remained there to protect Japanese interests until relieved by the cruiser Naniwa[16] and reached home on 22 April. 45–54. English: Kongō was the lead ship of the Kongō-class battlecruisers of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1913 - … [13][14] During their 1930s reconstructions into fast battleships, the existing boilers were removed and replaced with eleven oil-fired Kampon boilers. Improved in 24 Hours. [3][4] In his design of the class, Thurston relied on many techniques that would eventually be used by the British on HMS Tiger. [20] During their second reconstruction, two of these guns were removed from each ship, leaving fourteen 15 cm guns. was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. Following the completion of these modifications, which increased top speeds to over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph), all four were reclassified as fast battleships. [31][40] After conducting patrols off China and in the East China Sea during World War I, Hiei was placed in reserve in 1920. [8], The ships had a length of 214.58 meters (704 ft 0 in) overall and a beam of 28.04 meters (92 ft 0 in). [12], In their first reconstruction during the late 1920s, the ships were reboilered with 10, 11 (Hiei) or 16 (Haruna) Kampon boilers, and their fuel stowage was rearranged to accommodate 2,661 long tons (2,704 t) of coal and 3,292 long tons (3,345 t) of oil. Due to… Sources all disagree on the exact date. [N 3] When the reconstruction was completed on 31 January 1940, Hiei was reclassified as a battleship. [15], Kongō began another cadet cruise on 24 September 1892 and visited Vancouver and San Francisco. [15] Haruna bombarded American positions at Henderson Field at Guadalcanal, and provided escort to carriers during the Solomon Islands campaign. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part III". [5], The final design of the battlecruisers resulted in an improved version of the Lion class, displacing an estimated 27,940 tonnes (27,500 long tons). All four participated in the battles of Midway and Guadalcanal. After serving as a transport and support-ship during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Kirishima escorted the aircraft carrier strikeforce bound for the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. [3][N 1] When her reconstruction was completed on 31 March 1931, she was reclassified as a battleship. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Screw sloops of the Imperial Japanese Navy, First Sino-Japanese War naval ships of Japan, Horizontal-return connecting-rod steam engine, horizontal return connecting-rod steam engine, http://books.google.com/books?id=zDUBAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA430&dq=duke+of+genoa+visit+japan+1879&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XDg1UuOqOoTnqQHXy4H4Ag&ved=0CDoQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=duke%20of%20genoa%20visit%20japan%201879&f=false, http://books.google.com/books?id=XHhCAAAAYAAJ, http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/stc0104.htm, List of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Japanese_ironclad_Kongō?oldid=2781728, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 3,100 nmi (5,700 km; 3,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). Kongō (金剛, "indestructible", named forMount Kongō) was a warship of theImperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Hiei and Kirishima were both lost during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal in November 1942, while Haruna and Kongō jointly bombarded the American Henderson Field airbase on Guadalcanal. [40][43] Following carrier escort duty during the Battles of the Eastern Solomons and Santa-Cruz, Hiei departed as the flagship of Rear Admiral Hiroaki Abe's Combat Division 11 to bombard Henderson Field on the night of 12–13 November 1942. The Japanese battleship Kongô, a ship with a magical name and an important history, was budgeted in 1910 and ordered from the British shipbuilder Vickers in January 1911. The light AA armament of the Kongō class changed dramatically from 1933 to 1944. Whitley gives 20 October 1928 to 20 September 1931. [40][41] In 1937, following Japan's withdrawal from the London Treaty, Hiei underwent a massive reconstruction along lines similar to those of her sister ships. Live Statistics. Kongō (金剛, Kongō) was the lead ship of the Kongō-class ironclad corvettes built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in the 1870s. [26] Subsequent developments of Japanese armour technology relied upon a hybrid design of the two variations until drastic changes were made during the design of the Yamato class in 1938. IJN Kongo had an impressive main battery consisting of eight 356mm guns (36cm/45 (14 inch) 41st year type (model 1908) weighing in at 86,000KG per gun (688,000KG in just main batteries alone). Kongō resumed her training duties after the war, though she also played a minor role in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05. [9], Kongō was fitted with three 172-millimeter (6.8 in) Krupp rifled breech-loading (RBL) guns and six RBL 152-millimeter (6.0 in) Krupp guns. [15] They arrived on 2 January 1891 and the ships' officers were received by Sultan Abdul Hamid II. [20] Both ships were equipped with eight submerged 533-millimetre (21.0 in) torpedo tubes, four on each broadside. She was laid down in 1911 in Barrow-in-Furness, Britain; sold to Japan; and commissioned in 1913. IJN Kongo. [47] This upgrade improved her engine plant, redesigned the superstructure, lengthened the stern, and enabled her to equip floatplanes. The Kongō class battlecruiser was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy immediately before World War I. In 1911 the Imperial Japanese Diet (Teikoku-gikai) passed funds to support the Naval Emergency Expansion Bill that authorized the design and construction of a battleship and four battlecruisers. [19] Also available was a 625-kilogram (1,378 lb) high-explosive shell that had a muzzle velocity of 805 meters per second (2,640 ft/s). After the war, she alternated between being based in Japan and patrolling off Japanese ports. [21], The Kongō class's secondary armament changed significantly over time. The armoured belt near the bow and stern of the vessels was strengthened with an additional 3 inches (76 mm) of cemented armour. [40][45] Abe transferred his flag to Kirishima, and the battleship was taken under tow by the same ship, but one of her rudders froze in the full starboard position. [26] The conning tower of the Kongō class was very heavily armoured, with variations of Krupp Cemented Armour up to 14 inches (360 mm) thick. Sources disagree on the reconstruction's beginning and ending dates. As with the first, sources disagree as to the exact dates of the second reconstruction. She managed to inflict superficial damage on USS South Dakota, but she was in turn caught off guard while attacking South Dakota and was crippled by USS Washington. [18], By World War II, the guns used Type 91 armor-piercing, capped shells. A special Type 3 Sanshikidan incendiary shrapnel shell was developed in the 1930s for anti-aircraft use.[17]. Kongō was stricken from the Navy List on 20 July 1909 and sold on 20 May 1910 for scrap.[19]. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Kongō was launched on 17 April 1877; the wife of a secretary in the Japanese Legation cut the retaining rope with a hammer and chisel. Lengerer, Hans (March 2007). The ship displaced 2,248 long tons (2,284 t) and had a crew of 22 officers and 212 enlisted men. After her completion on 19 April 1915, she served off Japan, China and Korea's coasts during the First World War. Sources disagree on the exact dates. KONGO is the only IJN battleship sunk by a submarine during the war and the last battleship ever sunk by a submarine. Swanston, Alexander & Swanston, Malcolm (2007). [15] On her return voyage she stopped at Honolulu and was present during the Hawaiian Revolution of 1893. The ships also mounted four 76 mm/40 anti-aircraft (AA) guns. Just better. The Kongō-class battlecruiser (金剛型巡洋戦艦 Kongō-gata jun'yōsenkan) was a class of four battlecruisers built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) immediately before World War I. The process upgraded her propulsion capabilities, enabled her to carry and launch floatplanes, increasing her armour capacity by over 4,000 tons,[7] and was shortly thereafter reclassified as a Battleship. Following the loss of the latter on the evening of 13 November, Kirishima subsequently engaged American battleships on the night of 14/15 November. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 22:11. [1], During the reconstructions that each ship underwent during the interwar period, most of the armour of the Kongō class was heavily upgraded. Kongō began another cadet cruise on 19 April 1894, but transferred her cadets to the cruiser Takachiho in Honolulu on 16 June and relieved Takachiho as the patrol ship there. [26] Vickers Cemented was used in the construction of the Kongō, while the original armour of the other three was constructed of a variation of Krupp Cemented Armour, designed by the German Krupp Arms Works. [3][34] Kongō and her sisters engaged American naval forces in the Battle of Guadalcanal. 金剛型戦艦 の1番艦。. After being sent to the reserve fleet in December 1923, she received a refit during 1924. [10], The Kongō-class corvettes had a wrought-iron armor waterline belt 4.5 inches (114 mm) thick amidships that tapered to 3 inches (76 mm) at the ends of the ship. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, constructed in the UK by Vickers, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan. The IJN Kongo was sunk by the USS Sealion in 1944, marking the last time a battleship was sunk by a submarine in naval history. [15], Japanese naval ship classes of World War I. [31][37][40] All of her armour and most of her armament were removed under the restrictions of the treaty and carefully preserved. 1 turret badly damaged. [27] The armour upgrades increased the displacement by close to 4,000 tons on each ship, violating the terms of the Washington Treaty. She became a training ship in 1887 for the Kure Naval District. [N 4] Her superstructure was rebuilt, and she received extensive upgrades to armour, propulsion, and waterline bulges. Kongo was sunk by a US submarine in November 1944. The original design featured eight or ten 12-inch (304.8 mm) 50-calibre guns, sixteen 6-inch (152 mm) guns, and eight 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes. The ship was opened for tours by the nobility, their families and invited guests for three days after the ceremony. Quite the same Wikipedia. Designed by British naval architect George Thurston, the lead ship of the class, Kongō, was the last Japanese capital ship constructed outside Japan, by Vickers at Barrow-in-Furness. Following Japan's withdrawal from the treaty, all four underwent a massive second reconstruction in the late 1930s. Ship- IJN Kongō class battlecruiser. Eight guns were mounted per side, and each had an arc of fire of 130 degrees and a maximum elevation of +15 degrees. they were seen as powerful ships in Britain, carrying 14" guns, which outdid the 13.5" currently arming the latest British capital ships then entering service. [19] When firing at surface targets, the guns had a range of 14,700 metres (16,100 yd); they had a maximum ceiling of 9,440 metres (30,970 ft) at their maximum elevation of +90 degrees. Commander Katô Hirohasu pushed for the adoption of a new 14-inch (356 mm)/45 calibre gun that was currently under development. Built in WW1 as battlecruisers, they were modernised and upgraded in the 1930s. [5], Kongō had a single two-cylinder double-expansion horizontal return connecting-rod steam engine, driving a single propeller using steam from six cylindrical boilers. The ship was reclassified as a survey ship in 1906 and was sold for scrap in 1910. [3][30] In either August[33] or November 1941,[30] she was assigned to the Third Battleship Division with her three sister ships, and sailed on 29 November as part of the main body—four fast battleships, three heavy cruisers, eight destroyers—for the Japanese invasion of Malaya and Singapore. Chesneau, Roger; Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds (1979). Recent. 20 January 1945: Removed from the Navy List. As built, the Kongō class was fitted with a secondary armament of sixteen 15 cm/50 guns mounted in single casemates along the sides of the hull at the level of the upper deck. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part II". [2], The design of the Kongō-class battlecruisers came about as a result of the IJN's modernization programs, as well as the perceived need to compete with the British Royal Navy. [40] Hiei was scuttled northwest of Savo Island on the evening of 13 November by Japanese destroyers. She capsized and sank at 03:25 with the loss of 212 of her crew. Launched May 18, 1912. Mount Kongō … Lengerer, Hans (September 2006). [40] In 1933, she was refitted as an Imperial Service Ship and—following further reconstruction in 1934—became the Emperor's ship in late 1935. English Articles. After the end of the Russo-Japanese War, Kongō's armament was reduced to six ex-Russian 12-pounder guns and six 2.5-pounders. [2], The contract for Kongō was awarded to Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. in Hull, England on 24 September 1875 for the price of £120,750, exclusive of armament. [27] The turret armour was strengthened to 10 inches (254 mm), while 4 inches (102 mm) were added to portions of the deck armour. The 152-millimeter guns were mounted on the broadside. Also, horribly unbalanced, as well as breaks instantly, even with the new Sea Mod. She arrived in Yokohama on 26 April and was classified as a Third Class Warship on 4 May. [36] During the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Kongō sortied as part of Admiral Kurita's Center Force, scoring hits on an American escort carrier and sinking or damaging two destroyers during the Battle off Samar. "The IJN’s First Warship Order to a Foreign Country: Armoured Frigate Fusô and Belted Corvettes Kongô and Hiei – Part I". During the … [3], Kongō was 220 feet (67.1 m) long between perpendiculars and had a beam of 41 feet (12.5 m). Kongō was torpedoed and sunk by the submarine USS Sealion in November 1944, while Haruna was sunk at her moorings by an air attack in Kure Naval Base in late July 1945, but later raised and scrapped in 1946. During the modernizations of the 1930s, all of the 76 mm guns were replaced with eight 127 mm (5 in)/40 dual-purpose guns. [46] With her engines largely disabled and listing heavily to starboard, Kirishima was abandoned in the early morning of 15 November 1942. 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